RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Kniffing's Discount Nursery
14940 Oak Creek Road
El Cajon, California 92021
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2018:
Anna Apple Remarkable fruit for mild winter climates in So. Calif., So. Ariz. Heavy crops of sweet, crisp, flavorful apples even in low desert. Fresh/cooked. Keeps 2 months in refrigerator. 200 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Dorsett Golden or Einshemer. USDA Zones 5-10.
Dorsett Golden Apple Outstanding sweet apple for warm winter areas. Firm, very flavorful, sweet like Golden Delicious. Productive throughout So.CA and Phoenix, AZ. Good early season sweet apple for Central CA. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California's favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-8.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Red Fuji Apple Redder skinned bud sport of Fuji. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Ripe September-October in Central CA. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Sundowner® Apple A sister plant to the popular Pink Lady® selection, Sundowner® has a sweet, crispy, white flesh and excellent flavor. Considered a late harvest variety ripening from October well into winter in most areas. Does well under extreme fruit growing conditions such as southern fruit growing districts and deserts with little or no damage to the fruit. Chill requirement of 200 to 300 hours with high chill adaptability. Self-fruitful.
Gold Kist Apricot Excellent backyard apricot for warm winter climates. Freestone, very good quality. Heavy bearing. Early harvest, 3-4 weeks before Blenheim (Royal). 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9. (Zaiger)
Harcot Apricot From Canada. Frost hardy late bloom. Resists brown rot and perennial canker. Medium to large fruit ripens early to mid-June in Central CA. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor one of the best. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Katy Apricot Large, all-purpose, flavorful freestone. Tree ripe fruit is subacid (not tart). A favorite apricot for warm-winter climates. Early harvest, 3-4 weeks before Blenheim (Royal). 200 to 300 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9. (Zaiger)
Nugget Apricot Large, flavorful yellow freestone. Attractive orange skin blushed with red. Ripens mid-June in Central CA, 1-2 weeks earlier than Blenheim. Vigorous, productive tree. Originated in Ontario, CA. Introduced in 1956. Estimated chilling requirement 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful
Flavor Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores, one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. Very low chilling requirement, less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful, but largest crops when pollenized by another apricot. (Zaiger)
Hosui Asian Pear Consistently rated the best-tasting Asian pear at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 300-400 hours. Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century.
Shinseiki Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, refreshing, crisp like an apple. Easy to grow. Keeps well. Harvest late July/early August in Central CA. Bright yellow skin. Vigorous, heavy bearing (usually by 2nd year). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as 'Self-fertile Bing.' Ripens 4 days after Bing. 400 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Minnie Royal Cherry Medium-sized red cherry, firm with good flavor. Ripens 11-14 days ahead of Bing, tree is very productive with a low chill requirement. Pollenized by Royal Lee. 200-300 hours or less. (Pat. No. 12942) (Zaiger)
Royal Crimson Cherry New, long awaited, low-chill self-fruitful sweet cherry, expected to be a home run for Zaiger Genetics. Bright crimson with superb flavor, this important new variety has the added benefit of blooming with Minnie Royal and Royal Lee. Definite chill hour recommendation not yet determined. Initially sold as "6GM25 Cherry". Patent Pending. (Zaiger)
Royal Lee Cherry Medium-sized red cherry, very firm with excellent flavor. Ripens 11-14 days ahead of Bing, Very low chilling requirement, excellent pollenizer for Minnie Royal. Pollenized by Minnie Royal. 200 to 300 hours. (Pat. No.12417) (Zaiger)
Royal Rainier Cherry Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirement 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Van Cherry Very cold hardy, reliable, heavy bearing. Fine fruit similar to Bing, though usually smaller. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 4-9.
Black Jack Fig Large, purplish-brown figs with sweet, juicy, strawberry-red flesh. Harvest August to October in Central CA. Naturally small (semi-dwarf) tree. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-10.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Two crops per year. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Improved Brown Turkey Fig Large, brown skin, pink flesh. Sweet, rich flavor, used fresh. Widely adapted - coast or inland climate. Small tree, prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Kadota Fig Large, light greenish-yellow 'white' skin, amber flesh. Long-lived, vigorous. Prune to any shape. Very sweet fruit needs hot weather to ripen. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Panache Fig Especially fine flavor! Small to medium-sized fruit with green color and yellow Tiger stripes. Strawberry pulp is blood-red in color. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Lang Jujube Pear-shaped fruits are reddish-brown, dry, wrinkled,sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement. Pollenized by Li or other jujubes. USDA Zones 5-10.
Li Jujube Round shaped fruits are larger than Lang. Reddish brown, dry and wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Spice Zee NectaPlum® Interspecific Nectarine The first NectaPlum® from Zaiger Genetics: a white-fleshed, nectarine-peach-plum hybrid. Skin is dark maroon at fruit set, and turns pale pink when ripe. Fully ripe fruit is unparalleled in flavor, and both nectarine and plum traits are easily detectable. Tree is quite ornamental. Tremendous purplish pink bloom in the spring, followed by a flourish of red leaves which mature into lush green in late summer. Self-fruitful. Very productive. 200-300 hours. High chill adaptable. (Pat. No. 13503) (Zaiger)
Arctic Star White Nectarine Earliest to ripen of the low acid, super-sweet white nectarines. Rave reviews in trial tastings. Beautiful dark red skin, snow white semi-freestone flesh. Ripens mid-June in Central CA, 4-5 weeks ahead of Arctic Rose. Low winter chilling requirement, about 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 9332) (Zaiger)
Desert Delight Nectarine Proven producer in warm winter climates and highly recommended as an early season nectarine elsewhere. Large fruit with bright red skin, yellow flesh and delicious, rich, nectarine flavor. Harvest mid-June in Central CA. 100-200 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Double Delight Nectarine Sensational fruit: consistently the best flavored yellow nectarine plus magnificent, double pink flowers. Dark red-skinned, freestone fruit is sweet, with unusually rich flavor. Very high scoring in taste tests. Heavy bearing tree. Harvest early to mid-July in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Goldmine White Nectarine Long-time favorite in California and Western Oregon. Small to medium-sized white-fleshed freestone. Aromatic, juicy and sweet. Ripe in August. 400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Panamint Nectarine Attractive red-skinned yellow freestone. Aromatic and intensely flavored with nice acid sugar balance. Dependable, long time favorite in warm winter Southern California climates. Late July/early August. 250 hours. Self-fruitful
Snow Queen White Nectarine Taste test winner. Sweet, juicy, early season white freestone. Late June harvest in Central CA, 2-3 weeks ahead of Babcock peach. Long-time favorite in So. Calif. Low chilling requirement, 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Manzanillo Olive Manzanillo is the classic table olive. It's a large variety that can be eaten both green and ripe black. This variety becomes fruitier and less bitter as it ripens. Moderately cold hardy. Self-fruitful but produces higher yields with a pollenizer.
Mission Olive The classic California olive, this variety is the most versatile for the home garden. Whether for curing or oil production, Mission is considered a true edible ornamental. Colder hardier than most olive varieties. Self-fruitful but produces higher yields with a pollenizer.
August Pride Peach Large, all-purpose yellow freestone for mild-winter climates. Sweet, aromatic, rich flavor, one of the very best. Ripens 3-4 weeks after Mid-Pride. Chilling requirement less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Babcock White Peach Long-time favorite white-fleshed freestone. Sweet and juicy, aromatic, low in acid. High scoring in taste tests. Ripens mid-July in Central CA. Widely adapted (low chill requirement, yet not early blooming). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Desert Gold Peach Very early ripening: May in Southern Calif./Arizona. Tree-ripened fruit has good flavor and sweetness for such an early variety. Yellow clingstone. Heavy bearing. 200 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Donut (Stark Saturn) White Peach Unique white-fleshed fruit with a sunken center (shaped like a doughnut). Sweet, with a mild flavor described by some as almond-like. Ripens late June/early July in Central CA. Estimated chilling requirement 200-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Eva's Pride Peach Delicious, fine flavored peach with very low chilling requirement ripens 2-3 weeks before Mid-Pride. Medium to large-sized yellow freestone - also recommended as early season peach for moderate climates - harvest 3 weeks before July Elberta. 100-200 hours. Self- fruitful. (Zaiger)
July (Kim) Elberta Peach Reliable heavy crops. Juicy, sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone fruit for canning, freezing, or fresh use. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful.
Mid-Pride Peach Best yellow freestone for warm winter climates of So. Calif., Phoenix, Houston, S.F. Bay Area. Also recommended for Central CA for its exceptional flavor and dessert quality. Midseason. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Red Baron Peach Flowering/fruiting. Large, juicy, firm, richly flavored yellow freestone fruit. Highly rated in taste tests. Showy double red blossoms. Mid-July. Long-time favorite in Southern CA and Texas. Low chilling requirement, 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Snow Beauty White Peach Taste test winner: one of the all-time highest-scoring varieties in blind fruit tastings at Dave Wilson Nursery. Low acid, high sugar, tantalizing flavor. Large, very firm, attractive red skin. Harvest early to mid-July in Central CA. Estimated chilling requirement 750-850 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 10175) (Zaiger)
Flordahome Pear Low-chill pear from Florida. Very nice quality: sweet, smooth-textured, juicy, flavorful. Harvest July/August in So. Calif. Early bloom. Chilling requirement less than 400 hours. Partly self-fruitful.
Hood Pear Very low chilling requirement, interfruitful with Flordahome. Large, early season fruit has yellow-green skin and sweet, mild-flavored flesh. Reported to be highly resistant to fire blight. 100-200 hours.
Southern Bartlett Pear Chance Sport of Bartlett found on an old Louisiana homestead. Moderate fire blight resisitance. Spreading growth habit. Less than 400 hours chill requirement. Self-fertile.
Chocolate Persimmon Small to medium size, oblong, bright red skin. Sweet, spicy, firm, brown flesh, superb flavor the choice of connoisseurs. Astringent until ripe. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Coffeecake Persimmon Unique spicy sweet flavor that instantly evokes images of cinnamon pastry, hot coffee and morning sunshine. Coffeecake ripens about the same time as Chocolate and about three weeks to one month earlier than Fuyu. Coffeecake Persimmon is non-astringent and can be eaten while still firm. Hardy, attractive tree, practically free of pests and disease. Estimated chilling requirement: 200 hours or less. Another persimmon variety required as a pollenizer. Gosho or Chocolate are the best pollenizers for Coffeecake.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hachiya Persimmon Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent until soft ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental tree. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Candy Heart Pluerry™ Interspecific Plum - New for 2016 - Candy Heart, having Japanese plum and sweet cherry in its parentage, is a taste-test proven treat for fruit lovers. Its skin is dark speckled red, the amber/red flesh slightly subacid and very sweet, with a wonderfully unique flavor. This variety has an extended hang time, reaching peak ripeness around mid August in Central California. Pollenized by Sweet Treat Pluerry™ and Burgundy plum. (U.S. Plant Patent Pending) (Zaiger)
Sweet Treat Pluerry™ Interspecific Plum Sweet Treat is the first of its kind, the Pluerry™: a new fruit type from the genius of Floyd Zaiger. This taste-test favorite is a complex interspecific hybrid, predominantly of plum and cherry, combining the sweetness of a cherry with that summer fresh plum zing. Much larger than a cherry, this precocious and prolific variety will hang on the tree for over a month, and the colorful fruit make Sweet Treat a true ornamental. Tested as 46MB583. Harvest late June through July. Estimated chilling requirement 450 hours. Pollenizer required: Burgundy or Santa Rosa plum, or Flavor King Pluot® recommended. Patent Pending (Zaiger)
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elephant Heart Plum Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. 500 hours or less. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Late Santa Rosa Plum Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Santa Rosa Plum Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Reddish purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central CA. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Satsuma Plum Long-time favorite plum in California. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Excellent for jam. Harvest late July. 300 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty.
Weeping Santa Rosa Semi-Dwarf Plum One of the most flavorful, aromatic Japanese plums when fully ripe. Beautiful 8-10 ft. tree, weeping growth habit: long slender limbs bow gracefully to the ground. Easily espaliered. 200-400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Dapple Supreme Pluot® Interspecific Plum A new low-chill Pluot® for home gardens, Dapple Supreme derives its name from two of the best: Dapple Dandy and Flavor Supreme. With red dappled skin like Dapple Dandy and sweet, dark red flesh like Flavor Supreme, Dapple Supreme is sure to please. Harvest is between Flavor Supreme and Dapple Dandy, mid-July in Central CA. 300 hours. Pollenized by Flavorosa Pluot® or other early blooming plum or Pluot®. (U.S. Plant Patent No. 16412) (Zaiger)
Flavor Grenade Pluot® Interspecific Plum Elongated green fruit with red blush. Crisp texture, explosive flavor. Taste test winner. Hangs on the tree for 4-6 weeks. Pollenized by Flavor King Pluot®, Dapple Dandy Pluot®, Emerald Drop Pluot® or Santa Rosa plum. 300-400 hours. (Pat. No. 12097) (Zaiger)
Flavor King Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Naturally small tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot® or Dapple Dandy Pluot® and Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa plum. (Zaiger)
Flavorosa Pluot® Interspecific Plum Deep purple-skinned fruit with red flesh. Mild, sweet flavor. Ripens at the end of May. Pollenized by Emerald Drop Pluot® or Mariposa plum. 250 hours chill required. (Pat No. 10285) (Zaiger)
Ariana Pomegranate From the collection of Dr. Gregory Levin. Garygella Reasearch Station, Turkmenistan. Fruit size is large. Color is a bold, bright red. Seeds are soft, small and almost nondetectable. Flavor is rated as very good, sweet and punchy. Rated as one of the best tasting varieties in the U.C. Davis, Wolfskill collection. Ripens October through November. 100 hour chill rating. Self-fruitful.
Eversweet Pomegranate Very sweet, virtually seedless fruit. (Even immature fruits are sweet.) Red skin, clear (non-staining) juice. Harvest late summer through fall. Coast or inland. 8-10 ft. arching shrub, or train as tree or espalier. Large, showy, orange-red flowers. 150 hours. Self fruitful.
Parfianka Pomegranate Large size red fruit is sweet with a hint of acidity. Arils are red with very small edible seeds. Vigorous upright plant sets a heavy crop dependably. Maintain at any height with summer pruning. Consistently receives the highest praise for overall flavor. Great for juice or fresh eating. A Dr. Gregory Levin introduction through U.C. Davis. Very highly rated in U.C.Davis taste tests. Some rate Parfianka as the best tasting pomegranate. Required chill hours 100-200. Self-fruitful, best in zones 7-10.
Wonderful Pomegranate Large, purple-red fruit with delicious, tangy flavor. Best quality in hot inland climate. Gaudy red orange bloom, ornamental foliage. Long-lived, any soil. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
Emerald Southern Highbush Blueberry Produces abundant clusters of large to very large berries with tasty, balanced sweet flavor. Very productive and highly rated. Zones 7-10. Self-fruitful. Estimated at 250 hours chill or less. (U.S. Plant Patent #12165)
Jubilee Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Midseason, sweet, firm berry. Upright and quite compact bush, with fruit borne on the outer periphery. Chilling requirement is estimated at 400-500 hours.
Misty Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Early season. In the West Misty is quite vigorous, growing very well on the coast and in the inland heat. This especially flavorful fruit does well in areas with chilling as low as 150 hours and all areas with mild winters and hot summers.
O'Neal Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Large fruit is especially sweet and flavorful. Early season. 5-6 ft. bush. 200 hours. Self-fruitful, but plant two varieties for largest crops.
Sharpblue Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern highbush. Excellent flavor. Nearly evergreen in mild winter climates. Bears fruit nearly year-round. Vigorous plant to 6 ft. Dime-sized dark blue fruit. 200 hours.
Southmoon Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern highbush. Exceptional berries with superb flavor. Florida native with vigorous, upright character. Performs well in California, both inland and coastal. Prefers light sandy soils. 200-300 hours. (Pat No. 9834)
Baba Red Raspberry Everbearing Red Raspberry - Extra large berries up to 1 1/2" long. Wonderful warm weather variety particularly well suited to southern California's coastal and inland valleys. Fine flavor and good for all uses. Bears heavy crop May-July with a smaller late summer crop through fall. Hardy to zero degrees. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Boysenberry (Original) The original "Boysenberry": a Rubus (caneberry) hybrid of uncertain origin cultivated and promoted by Walter Knott (eventually Knott's Berry Farm) near Anaheim, California beginning in the 1920s and 30s. Large, juicy, delicious, sweet-tart berries famous for jams and pies. Also wonderful fresh, especially when picked just right and consumed within a day or two. Vine-like, trailing, thorny growth habit. Generally more productive than the thornless selection. Early harvest. Self-fruitful. Zones 5-10.
Triple Crown Blackberry Semi-trailing, thornless. Medium to large flavorful berries. Dense foliage prevents sunscald. Vigorous vines to 15’ require support. Very productive, reliable harvests. Widely adapted, excellent home garden variety. USDA Zones 5-12.
Goji Berry Bright red fruit used either fresh or dried. Contains the highest antioxidant level of any fruit type. Drought tolerant once established and very cold hardy. Self-fertile. USDA zone 5-9.
Pixwell Gooseberry Large, light green berries that turn pink and sweet when fully ripe. Practically thornless, this variety is relatively easy to pick. Purple fall color makes this a good choice as an edible ornamental. Mildew resistant, thriving in partial shade in hot summer areas. Adaptable to warmer winter climates. Zone 4-9. Self-fruitful.
Cabernet Sauvignon Grape Late season red wine grape with small, black, strongly flavored berry. Vigorous, upright vine. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Concord Seedless Grape American grape, a sport of Concord. Berries very similar to Concord, but seedless (or seeds very rare). Bluish-black skin, green flesh, distinctive Concord flavor. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Flame Seedless Grape Medium-sized, light red. Crisp, sweet, excellent flavor. For fresh use or raisins. Needs hot summer. Ripens before Thompson. Vigorous. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Merlot Grape Black berry, used for distinctive red wines. Best quality in cooler regions. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Thompson Seedless Grape Most popular grape in CA, AZ. Fresh and raisins. Pale green, very sweet. Thin the clusters for larger berries. Needs plenty of heat. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
Cascade Hops Cascade and Centennial are the basic hops varieties grown for home brewing.
Centennial Hops Cascade and Centennial are the basic hops varieties grown for home brewing.
Tomuri Male Kiwi Actinidia chinensis, aka A. deliciosa. Pollenizer for Vincent female. Does not bear fruit. One male can pollenize up to eight Vincent females.
Vincent Female Kiwi Actinidia chinesis, aka A. deliciousa. Low chilling requirement, adapted to Southern CA. Tasty, well-regarded fuzzy-skinned fruit. Pollenized by Tomuri Male.
Dwarf Everbearing Mulberry Morus sp. 'Dwarf Everbearing' This bush form of mulberry continuously produces sweet blackberry-like fruit throughout the season. A great choice for container gardening, minor pruning will keep the plant compact. Mature height 6'-8' if grown in the ground. Widely adapted, self-fruitful. USDA zones 5-11.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Mahan Pecan Largest pecan. Thin shell, fine quality. Old variety, a parent of most of the newer varieties. Very late maturing, does best in low desert climates. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
Western Schley Pecan Easy to grow, hardy tree. Less fussy about soil and nutrition. Long, tapered, medium-sized, thin-shelled nuts. Fine quality, midseason. 250 hours. Self-fruitful
Placentia Walnut Best of the Santa Barbara-types, selected in the early 1900s. Adapted to mild-winter coastal climates of Southern California. Medium-sized nuts with fairly well-sealed thin shells. Light-colored plump kernel, mild flavor. Estimated chilling requirement: less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Cleveland Select Flowering Pear Pyrus calleryana 'Cleveland Select' Pyramidal shape, grows to 25-30 ft. by 12-15 ft. Pure white blossom. Glossy green, leathery foliage. Fall colors orange-red to purplish red. Also known as Chanticleer. Sunset Zones 2-9, 14-21.
Krauter Vesuvius Flowering Plum Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius' Dark purple leaves, light pink blossoms, little or no fruit. Relatively small tree, 18 ft. high by 12 ft. wide. Favorite purple leaf plum for California. Foliage of newly planted trees sometimes greenish until vigorous growth begins. Traditional K.V. form: 30" trunk.
Krauter Vesuvius Flowering Plum, low head Dark purple leaves, light pink blossoms, little or no fruit. Relatively small tree, 18 ft. high by 12 ft. wide. Favorite purple leaf plum for California. Foliage of newly planted trees sometimes greenish until vigorous growth begins. Low head form: 18" trunk.
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Large showy clusters of pink to purplish-blue flowers, wonderful fragrance. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), alkaline soil. Grows to 20 by 20 ft. Best in Sunset Zones 1-12. Less dependable in zones 14-16, 18-22.
Charles Joly Lilac (French Hybrid) Dark purplish-red, double flowers. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), prefers alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
Pink Wisteria (Rosea floribunda) Long cascading flowers, pale lavender to pink.
Purple No. 1 Wisteria Early bloomer, usually flowers the first season. Long clusters of dark purple flowers.
Venusta White Wisteria Highly fragrant white flowers that open all at once during leafout. Clusters are coarse and short 4-6. Has a larger, more attractive leaf and is more attractive after bloom than other wisteria cultivars.
Raywood Ash Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywoodi' Fast growing, tolerates heat, cold, alkaline soil. Compact, round-headed. Small, delicate leaves, lacy appearance. Purplish-red fall color. No seeds. 25-35 ft.
European White Birch Betula pendula (B. alba) Most popular deciduous tree in the West. 30-40 ft. high, with weeping side branches and delicate, lacy foliage. White bark. Does best with ample water and fertilizer. Sunset Zones 1-11, 14-24.
Cottonless Cottonwood Populus balsamifera candicans Broad-topped tree to 60 ft. Shimmering leaves are especially distinctive and ornamental. Widely adapted, even to desert. Very fast growing. Invasive roots. All zones.
Burgundy Desert Willow, clump Chilopsis linearis 'Burgundy' Small tree grows moderately fast to 20 ft. Long narrow leaves, distinctive crooked trunks with shaggy bark. Open growing, casts light shade. Attractive, large, trumpet-shaped, fragrant, reddish-purple flowers attract hummingbirds. Long flowering season, spring to fall. Sunset Zones 11-13, 18-21. Clump form is a multi-stemmed tree.
Autumn Fantasy® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Fantasy' Hybrid of red maple and silver maple. Bright red fall color, even in warm climates. Fast-growing, strong-limbed, tolerates alkaline soil, drought. Sunset Zones 1-9, 14-24.
Forest Pansy Redbud Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' Striking scarlet-colored new foliage turning maroon then green as the leaves mature. Highly valued as a landscape accent. Swelling buds break pinkish-red along the bare branches, similar to Eastern redbud. Moderate grower to 20 ft. with a spreading habit. Sunset Zones 1-3, 7-20.
Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. Sunset Zones 2-24.
Royal Purple Smoke Tree, bush form Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' Purple foliage, rich purple "smoke": hazy-appearing clusters of fuzzy, purple flower stalks. Multi-trunked shrub or small tree to 20 by 20 ft. Likes cold, needs good drainage, resists oak root fungus. All zones.
California Native Sycamore Platanus racemosa Large tree to 80-100 ft. Large, light green leaves, lobed like maple. Mottled, multi-colored trunks due to bark shedding in patches. Tolerates heat, wind, likes deep watering in summer. Sunset Zones 4-24.