RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
Mad River Gardens Nursery
3384 Janes Road
Arcata, California 95521
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2020:
Arkansas Black Spur Apple Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. Chilling requirement 500-600 hours. Partly self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit variable shape, often lop-sided. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Cox Orange Pippin Apple Old favorite dessert apple: firm, juicy, sweet, rich flavor, not tart, distinctive aroma. Skin is orange red to bright red over yellow. Prefers moderate climate. Midseason. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Elstar Apple Fine quality, all-purpose apple originating in Holland about 1955. Similar to Jonagold, but a better keeper. Ancestry includes Golden Delicious and Cox Orange Pippin. Medium to large size, round to conical shape, with yellow skin mostly striped with light red or reddish-orange. Occasional russeting around stem. Firm, crisp, creamy white flesh with outstanding flavor. Best quality in cool summer climates. Fruit may be tree-ripened or ripened in storage. Ripens early, just ahead of Gala. Tree begins bearing at young age. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required, a midseason or late-blooming variety such as Gala, Fuji, Granny Smith, or Melrose. USDA Zones 5-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-8.
Jonagold Apple Superb flavor, a connoisseurs choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 700-800 hours. Pollenized by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties.
King (Tompkins King) Apple Large, old-time red-striped apple with classic apple flavor. Its coarse, crisp flesh is subacid, sweet and distinctly perfumed. Used for dessert, cooking and cider. Well-colored fruits are a very attractive red with some contrasting yellow. Fairly rectangular shape, with ribs near the base. Ripens midseason, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps several months, but at its best soon after harvest. Horizontal limbs, spreading growth habit. Originated in New Jersey prior to 1804. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 5-10.
Multi-Bud Apple, Espaliered 3-tier, Braeb-Fuji-Gala-Gldn Del-Grav-Red Del 6n1 Six apple varieties on one 3-tier espaliered tree: Braeburn, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Gravenstein and Red Delicious.
Mutsu Apple A favorite of connoisseurs: very large, crisp and flavorful. Late September/October harvest. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. 500 hours. Pollenizer required: Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-8.
Pink Pearl Apple Unusual pink fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium-sized, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-8.
Red Delicious (Bisbee Spur) Apple Sweet, crisp, flavorful perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollenized by Liberty, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala. USDA Zones 4-7.
Spitzenburg Apple Old variety, regarded by some connoisseurs as the very best dessert apple. Red over yellow skin, yellowish flesh. Firm, juicy, moderately sweet, renowned flavor. Good keeper. 800 hours. Pollenized by midseason blooming apples. USDA Zones 4-8.
White Winter Pearmain Apple High quality, all-purpose apple - an old favorite, especially for fresh use. Widely adapted, including CA's mild-winter coastal climates. Medium to large size, round to oval shape, pale yellow skin with dull red blush. Cream colored flesh is fine grained, crisp, juicy and aromatic with a rich, subacid to sprightly flavor. September/October harvest, good keeper. Healthy, vigorous, spreading, heavy-bearing tree. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. Believed to be the oldest known English apple, dating back to 1200 A.D. Low winter chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Yellow Bellflower Apple Long-time favorite pie and sauce apple, also excellent fresh and for making hard cider. Attractive, lemon yellow skin. Pale, creamy yellow flesh is firm, crisp, aromatic and juicy, with a rich flavor. For winter dessert use, the fruit may be picked while still tart, it mellows in storage, reaching peak flavor and acid-sugar balance after a few months. Elongated, cone-shaped, often lop-sided fruits vary in size from small to very large. Mid-September harvest in Central CA, about with Golden Delicious and Jonagold. Vigorous, spreading tree. Low winter chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Midseason bloom. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 5-9.
Puget Gold Apricot Proven producer of large, flavorful fruit in Western Washington. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Harvest early August. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Tomcot Apricot A consistently productive apricot variety. Large, orange fruit with firm, sweet flesh. Slightly tart, old-time apricot flavor. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Wenatchee Moorpark. Originated at Prosser, WA, introduced in 1989. 500 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful, largest crops if cross-pollenized by another apricot. USDA Zones 4-8.
Leah Cot Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Large size Aprium® with deep orange color inside and out. Reliable annual bearer, high flavor and firm texture, ripens mid to late June in Central California, just after Flavor Delight Aprium®. Self-fruitful, required chill 500 hours or less, best in zones 7-10. U.S. Plant Patent No. 21863 (Zaiger)
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as 'Self-fertile Bing.' Ripens 4 days after Bing. 400 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Montmorency Sour Cherry Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.
Multi-Bud Cherry, Rainier-Bing-Lapins-Van Rainier, Bing, Lapins and Van budded onto Mazzard rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Royal Rainier Cherry Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirement 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9. (Zaiger)
Green Gage (Bavay's) European Plum Superior selection of gage-type European plum. Small to medium-sized, richly flavored & very sweet. Excellent fresh and for cooking. More productive in moderate winter climates than common Green Gage. Originated in Belgium in 19th century. Estimated winter chilling requirement 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Desert King Fig Light green 'white' skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh eating quality. Large breba (spring) crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winter pruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Indian Free White Peach The all-time highest rated peach at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollenize.
Muir Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl. Large yellow freestone with dense flesh and rich, sweet, distinctive flavor. Unattractive, greenish yellow skin. Excellent for drying, canning and fresh use. Harvest late July in Central CA. Discovered on John Muir's property near Vacaville, CA, around 1880. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Comice Pear The famous gift pack pear. Sweet, aromatic, fine texture, superb flavor and quality - one of the best. Short neck, greenish-yellow skin with red blush. Late harvest. 600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. or plant with Bartlett.
Multi-Bud Pear Asian, Hosui-Shinseiki-20thCent-Chojuro Hosui, Shinseiki, 20th Century and Chojuro budded onto OHxF333 rootstock. Finished trees include 4n1's plus assorted 3n1's and 2n1's.
Warren Pear Excellent quality dessert pear, tree is highly resistant to fire blight. Medium to large, long-necked fruit with pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Smooth flesh (no grit cells) is juicy and buttery with superb flavor. Good keeper. Cold hardy to -20 deg F. From Mississippi. 600 hours. Self-fruitful
Winter Nelis Pear Small, round, russeted fruit. Juicy, aromatic, sweet. Harvest late fall, keeps well. Small tree. Good pollenizer for Bartlett. 700 hours. Pollenizer required such as Bartlett, Kieffer, 20th Century Asian or other European pear.
Beauty Plum Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Red over yellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elephant Heart Plum Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. 500 hours or less. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Late Santa Rosa Plum Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Satsuma Plum Long-time favorite plum in California. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Excellent for jam. Harvest late July. 300 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty.
Shiro Plum Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor. Bears reliably in many climates, including Western Oregon and California's northern coast. Late June/early July in Central CA. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful.
Wickson Plum Large, heart-shaped greenish-yellow fruit. Very sweet, translucent flesh. Little or no tartness at skin or pit. Midseason, three weeks after Santa Rosa. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Kelsey or Santa Rosa. 500 hours.
Early Italian (Richards) Prune Similar to Italian, but sweeter, slightly larger and more productive. Shorter growing season requirement than Italian (ripens 1-2 weeks earlier). Originated near Yakima, Washington. Introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Anne Raspberry The largest and best tasting of the yellow raspberries. Bears summer into fall. Very sweet, quarter-size fruit. Requires good drainage. Highly adaptable but can experience winter cane dieback in colder climates. Productive in the Gulf Coast region. Low-chill. USDA Zones 3-10.
Baba Red Raspberry Everbearing Red Raspberry - Extra large berries up to 1 1/2" long. Wonderful warm weather variety particularly well suited to southern California's coastal and inland valleys. Fine flavor and good for all uses. Bears heavy crop May-July with a smaller late summer crop through fall. Hardy to zero degrees. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Boysenberry Thornless Rubus ursinus var. loganobaccus, a hybrid of blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry. Very large berry up to 2.5", dark maroon in color with an intense, tangy, sweet flavor. Excellent quality with few seeds and a pleasant aroma. Vine-like trailing growth habit. Harvest through summer. Self-fruitful, best in zones 5-10.
Canby Thornless Raspberry Thornless - the only red thornless raspberry. Large to very large fruit are firm, juicy and of fine flavor. Good for all uses. Viroid and aphid resistant. Very winter hardy, grows best in cooler summer areas. Harvest June, July. Self-fruitful, best in zones 4-9.
Caroline Raspberry Summer through fall bearing, red berry with exceptional flavor. Primocane type, produces on new wood. Large yields. More tolerant to phytophthora root rot than Heritage. Best when given afternoon shade. USDA Zones 5-9.
Fall Gold Raspberry Everbearing - Hybrid of Taylor X wild Korean mountain berry X Fall Red. Large to very large golden berries of excellent flavor. Extremely sweet and soft textured. Very adaptable and winter hardy. Harvest June through fall. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Heritage Raspberry Everbearing - Large, sweet, dark red berries. Mild flavor and excellent quality. Good for all uses. Moderate early crop in June, July. Heavier late crop August through fall. Berries keep well on or off the vine. Upright growth habit. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 4-11.
Jewell Black Raspberry Produces compact clusters of large to very large fruit. Rich raspberry flavor. Very high quality, good for pies, preserves and fresh use. May-June harvest. Vigorous, hardy vines are the most disease resistant of all black raspberries. Upright habit, no support required. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Nova Red Raspberry Medium size dark red fruit. Mild flavor. Firm when ripe and very suited for U-pick, fresh market and freezing. Bears early May, June. Disease resistant, very cold hardy. Very few thorns. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 3 - 9, but also has done well in zones 10 and 11.
Willamette Red Raspberry Large to very large, long-conic berries. Very firm and deep red. Lower sugar content, slightly tart flavor. Good for all uses. Berries hold and store well. Main harvest June, July. Some support required. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 5-10.
Muscat of Alexandria Grape Large, dull green, egg-shaped. Juicy, distinctive flavor and aroma. Table, wine, raisins. Not suited to hot desert climates. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Spur prune.
Eureka Walnut Large, well-sealed nut, light brown kernel of excellent quality. 600 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenize with Hartley. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Pedro Walnut Very small tree, less than 2/3 the size of other varieties. Well-sealed nut, similar to Payne, has perhaps the finest-flavored kernel - winner of consumer taste tests. Widely adapted, excellent choice for home planting. 400 hours. Self fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)