RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
5050 SE Stark St
Portland, OR 97215
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2020:
Ashmead's Kernel Apple Widely regarded as one of the all-time best-flavored apples. Small to medium-sized fruit variable shape, often lop-sided. Greenish to golden brown russet skin with reddish highlights. Creamy yellow flesh is aromatic, crisp and sweet. Fruit picked early is somewhat sharp and acidic, but mellows after a few weeks off the tree. Ripens after Red Delicious, about with Golden Delicious. Keeps 3-4 months. Used for dessert, cider and sauce. Resistant to powdery mildew, somewhat resistant to apple scab. Winter hardy tree, begins bearing at young age. From England, discovered in the early 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
Belle de Boskoop Apple Highly esteemed cooking and pie apple. Heavy crops of large to very large fruits. Green and red skin in patches and stripes with a brown russet extending from the base. Coarse, crisp, juicy, creamy white flesh is richly flavored, sweet-tart and highly aromatic. Keeps well, improves in storage. Very late harvest, with Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Large tree, open shape with drooping branches. Originated in Holland in 1856. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 4-7.
Braeburn Apple New, from New Zealand. Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Calville Blanc Apple Classic French dessert apple, also excellent for cooking and cider. (Long-time apple tester Warren Manhart of Portland, Oregon regards Calville as 'the best pie and sauce apple he has grown'). Flattened, round shape with prominent, uneven ribs near the base. Usually harvested green, turning yellow and reaching peak flavor a month or so after picking. Best quality reached after the first few crops. Harvest in late midseason, just after Jonagold. Vigorous grower with weeping side limbs. Origin unknown, planted in France in the early 1600s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required. USDA Zones 5-7.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Honeycrisp Apple Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid-August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious. USDA Zones 3-8.
King David Apple Originated in 1893 as a chance seedling discovered on the orchard property of farmer Ben Frost of Durham, Arkansas. Fruit is medium size and round in shape. Exterior color is yellow with red to orange blush and striping. Flesh is pale cream yellow, firm and crunchy. Flavor is a balanced sweet and tart. Juicy and aromatic with hints of spice and wine. Some have proclaimed King David to be one of the best flavored apples available. This heirloom selection is good for fresh eating, sauce, baking and cider. Fruit harvests fall into winter. Pollination required with other mid to late season blooming varieties. Some pollinators include Fuji, Granny Smith, Lady Williams and Pink Lady. Once thought to have a high chill requirement. Recent studies have proven King David to be fruitful under very low winter chill conditions. Shows resistance to most common diseases and fireblight. Adaptable in USDA Zones 4 to 10
Liberty Apple Disease resistant, cold hardy apple. Resists scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. Solid red even in hot climate. Crisp, rich sprightly flavor. Fresh or cooked. Early fall harvest. Interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Northern Spy Apple Large, firm fruit is aromatic, with a lively, tart flavor. Greenish-yellow skin with red blush or stripes. Dessert/cooking, excellent keeper. Winter hardy, vigorous tree. Slow to begin bearing. Harvest about 10 days after Golden Delicious. 1,000 hours. Pollenized by Golden Delicious. USDA Zones 4-7.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Pixie-Cot Genetic Semi-dwarf Apricot Compact tree with medium-sized, fine quality fruit. First genetically dwarfed apricot to meet the flavor standards set by Dave Wilson Nursery for release to the home gardener. Ripens first week of June in CA's Central Valley. 500 hours. Patent pending. (Zaiger)
Cot-N-Candy White Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Wonderful new fruit from Zaiger Hybrids. White flesh apricot-plum hybrid. Medium-sized with incredible flavor, very sweet and juicy. Ripens early- to mid-July. Self-fruitful. 400 hours or less. USDA Zones 7-10. (Pat. No. 17827) (Zaiger)
Flavor Delight Aprium® Interspecific Apricot Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores, one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. Very low chilling requirement, less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful, but largest crops when pollenized by another apricot. (Zaiger)
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Black Tartarian Cherry Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 5-7.
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as 'Self-fertile Bing.' Ripens 4 days after Bing. 400 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Rainier Cherry Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful. Very cold hardy. Midseason harvest. 700 hours. Pollenized by Van, Lambert, Lapins, Black Tartarian & Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Delight Cherry-Plum Interspecific Plum Japanese plum x cherry-plum. Flavorful, tangy, clingstone. Heavy crops. Very productive, even under adverse conditions. 400 hours. Pollenizer required. Pollenized by Sprite. (Zaiger)
Sprite Cherry-Plum Interspecific Plum Japanese plum x cherry-plum. Sweet, freestone, not tart. Flavorful, refreshing wonderful fresh eating. Ripe fruit holds on tree 3-4 weeks. Adapted to most climates. 400 hours. Pollenized by Delight. (Zaiger)
Black Jack Fig Large, purplish-brown figs with sweet, juicy, strawberry-red flesh. Harvest August to October in Central CA. Naturally small (semi-dwarf) tree. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-10.
Black Mission Fig The industry standard. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Two crops per year. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.
Chicago Hardy Fig Late season mahogany to purple fruit are set on current season's growth. One of the most frost hardy of all figs. Known to grow into zone 5. Little to no breba crop. Best quality late summer through fall. Required chill 100 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 6-10
Excel Fig Medium sized, yellow fruit with amber pulp. Sweet rich flavor. Resistant to splitting even under adverse conditions. Superb, all purpose fig. Introduced in 1975. Considered very hardy. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-10
Panache Fig Especially fine flavor! Small to medium-sized fruit with green color and yellow Tiger stripes. Strawberry pulp is blood-red in color. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Texas Blue Giant Fig Extra large fig with purple skin and amber flesh, very sweet. Ever-bearing habit. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-10.
Mokel Fruiting-Flowering Apricot Prunus mume 'Mokel' Prunus mume 'Mokel'. Spectacular early pink blooms, 1" to 1 1/4" fruit. Sometimes used for pickling.
Shiro-Kaga Fruiting-Flowering Apricot Fruiting, flowering Japanese Apricot. White, fragrant single petal flowers bloom early in February. Fruits at 1" diameter are harvested for pickling, dehydrating and medicinal purposes. Harvest in mid May. Self-fruitful but best when pollinated by another early blooming apricot like Bongo or Mokel. Required chill 400 hours or less. Best in zones 7-10.
Lang Jujube Pear-shaped fruits are reddish-brown, dry, wrinkled,sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement. Pollenized by Li or other jujubes. USDA Zones 5-10.
Li Jujube Round shaped fruits are larger than Lang. Reddish brown, dry and wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Black Beauty Mulberry (Morus nigra sp.) Large, shiny fruit similar to Persian, known for its flavor. Can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Ripens early summer. Attractive to birds. Self-fruitful. 200 hours or less. USDA Zones 7-10.
Pakistan Fruiting Mulberry Morus alba 'Pakistan' Long (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long early summer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.
Persian Fruiting Mulberry Morus nigra 'Persian' Densely foliated tree to 25-30 ft. Large heart-shaped leaves. Large fruit is juicy, dark red to black and good for jam. USDA Zones 7-9.
Tea's Weeping Mulberry Morus alba 'Pendula' Fast growing, heat-loving tree with blackberry-like fruit. Mature tree size 20 by 20 ft. Low chilling requirement. USDA Zones 4-9.
Spice Zee NectaPlum® Interspecific Nectarine The first NectaPlum® from Zaiger Genetics: a white-fleshed, nectarine-peach-plum hybrid. Skin is dark maroon at fruit set, and turns pale pink when ripe. Fully ripe fruit is unparalleled in flavor, and both nectarine and plum traits are easily detectable. Tree is quite ornamental. Tremendous purplish pink bloom in the spring, followed by a flourish of red leaves which mature into lush green in late summer. Self-fruitful. Very productive. 200-300 hours. High chill adaptable. (Pat. No. 13503) (Zaiger)
Arctic Blaze White Nectarine Taste test winner. One of the best of the low acid white nectarines: rich flavor and firm texture in early season, very sweet when soft ripe. Large size, red and creamy white skin. Harvest mid to late-August in Central CA, after Arctic Queen white nectarine. Estimated chilling requirement 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 10174) (Zaiger)
Arctic Queen White Nectarine Delicious, super-sweet white nectarine, very similar to Arctic Rose, but ripening 3-4 weeks later (early August in Central CA). Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe, extremely sweet when fully ripe. High-scoring in taste tests. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Fantasia Nectarine Popular, large yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet with rich flavor: high scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central CA. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Garden Delight Miniature Nectarine Large yellow freestone is sweet, delicious, refreshing. Mid-August in Central CA. Heavy bearing 5-6 ft. tree, easily covered to protect from frost. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Necta Zee Miniature Nectarine Sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone, beautiful red skin. Mid-June to early July in central CA. Strong, vigorous tree to 6 ft. Best self-fruitful miniature nectarine. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Necta Zee Miniature Nectarine, high head Sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone, beautiful red skin. Mid-June to early July in central CA. Strong, vigorous tree to 6 ft. Best self-fruitful miniature nectarine. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger) High head form has 18" trunk.
Nectar Babe Miniature Nectarine, high head Excellent quality fruit: midseason yellow freestone with sweet, rich, delicious flavor. Heavy bearing 5-6 ft. tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Honey Babe or other peach or nectarine. (Zaiger) High head form has 18" trunk.
Arctic Babe Miniature Interspecific Nectarine A result of innovative interspecific breeding by Zaiger Genetics, Arctic Babe is the first white-fleshed miniature nectarine. Super-sweet, large size fruit ripens early: late May to early June in central California. Reaching only 4-6 ft., this tree is easy to thin and harvest, easy to cover to protect blooms from frost. Chilling requirement not yet established, expected to be less than 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Introduced for the 2017-18 season as 243BC331 Miniature Interspecific Nectarine)
Bonanza Miniature Peach, high head Popular yellow freestone. Large fruit is sweet, low in acid, with a mild, refreshing flavor. Mid to late June in Central CA, earlier in low desert climates. 5-6 ft. tree. Chilling requirement very low, 250 hours or less. Self-fruitful. High head form has 18" trunk.
Dixon Cling Peach One of the earliest yellow canning clingstones, and one of the best flavored, making an excellent dessert peach as well. August 1st in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Eldorado Miniature Peach, high head Well-known Jackson & Perkins variety. Exceptionally high quality, richly flavored fruit. Yellow freestone, attractive red blushed skin. Harvest early to mid-June. 4-5 ft. tree. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. High head form has 18" trunk.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Garden Gold Miniature Peach Delicious yellow freestone, ripe 2 weeks after Elberta, more vigorous than other miniatures. Later bloom, less susceptible to frost damage. Showy blossoms. 5-6 ft. tree. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Garden Sun Miniature Peach Yellow freestone, ripe one week after Elberta. Sweet, mild, low acid. 4-5 ft. tree. Showy blossoms. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Muir Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl. Large yellow freestone with dense flesh and rich, sweet, distinctive flavor. Unattractive, greenish yellow skin. Excellent for drying, canning and fresh use. Harvest late July in Central CA. Discovered on John Muir's property near Vacaville, CA, around 1880. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Pix Zee Miniature Peach Large fruit ripens mid to late June in Central CA, two weeks before Honey Babe. Delicious, firm, yellow freestone, beautiful red over orange skin. Vigorous to 6 ft. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Saturn Peach Flowering/fruiting. Spectacular large dark pink double blossoms. Yellow freestone fruit is large, juicy, sweet, low in acid, with a fine flavor. Mid-July in Central California. Long-time favorite in So. Calif. Low chilling requirement, 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Candy Heart Pluerry™ Interspecific Plum - New for 2016 - Candy Heart, having Japanese plum and sweet cherry in its parentage, is a taste-test proven treat for fruit lovers. Its skin is dark speckled red, the amber/red flesh slightly subacid and very sweet, with a wonderfully unique flavor. This variety has an extended hang time, reaching peak ripeness around mid August in Central California. Pollenized by Sweet Treat Pluerry™ and Burgundy plum. (U.S. Plant Patent Pending) (Zaiger)
Sugar Twist Pluerry™ Interspecific Plum Newest in the Zaiger Pluerry™ line of high-flavor interspecific plums (plum + cherry), Sugar Twist is unique in that it harvests a month earlier than Sweet Treat. This hybrid has red skin and yellow flesh with an especially enjoyable flavor: cherry sweet with a plum "twist". Pollenized by Flavor King Pluot®, Emerald Beaut plum and most mid to late blooming varieties of Pluot®, Pluerry™ and Japanese plum. Estimated to require 800 chill hours. Patent Pending. (Zaiger)
Sweet Treat Pluerry™ Interspecific Plum Sweet Treat is the first of its kind, the Pluerry™: a new fruit type from the genius of Floyd Zaiger. This taste-test favorite is a complex interspecific hybrid, predominantly of plum and cherry, combining the sweetness of a cherry with that summer fresh plum zing. Much larger than a cherry, this precocious and prolific variety will hang on the tree for over a month, and the colorful fruit make Sweet Treat a true ornamental. Tested as 46MB583. Harvest late June through July. Estimated chilling requirement 450 hours. Pollenizer required: Burgundy or Santa Rosa plum, or Flavor King Pluot® recommended. Patent Pending (Zaiger)
Beauty Plum Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in cool, rainy climates). Red over yellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
Burgundy Plum Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste test scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive tree with narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hollywood Plum Fruiting ornamental. Introduced commercially in 1936. Very delicious fruit is medium-sized and round, with blood-red flesh and skin. Ripens in late June and hangs well on the tree. Good for jelly and canning. Red-leafed tree has upright growth habit. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.
Plum Parfait Plumcot Interspecific Cross of plum & apricot. Unique blend of flavors. Pinkish orange skin, crimson and amber marbled flesh, freestone. Very early bloom. Compact, small tree. 400 hours. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 4338, expired) (Zaiger)
Dapple Dandy Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Ranks with Flavor King Pluot® among the all-time top five best flavored fruits at Dave Wilson Nursery tastings. Creamy white and red fleshed freestone with wonderful plum-apricot flavor. Skin greenish-yellow with red spots, turning to a maroon and yellow dapple. August harvest in Central CA. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot®, Flavor King Pluot®, Santa Rosa, Catalina or Burgundy Plum. (Pat. No. 9254) (Zaiger)
Flavor King Pluot® Interspecific Plum Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Naturally small tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot® or Dapple Dandy Pluot® and Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa plum. (Zaiger)
Garden Prince Genetic Dwarf Almond Compact, lushly foliated 10-12 ft. tree. Soft shell, kernels especially sweet and tasty. Bears young and heavy. Large, light pink blossoms. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Colossal Chestnut Thought to be a hybrid of Asian and European chestnuts. High quality medium to large size nuts fall easily from hull, are easy to peel. Large, long-lived, spreading tree. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Nevada or Colossal seedling.
Nevada Chestnut Pollenizer for Colossal - also a good producer. One Nevada can pollenize 8 to 10 Colossal trees. Not tolerant of alkaline soil. 400-500 hours. Pollenized by Colossal.
Ambassador Carpathian Walnut Cold hardy Carpathian hybrid for severe climates, from Idaho. 1 1/4 inch nuts, thin shell, well sealed. Plump, light-colored kernels, excellent flavor. Young trees set heavy crops. 600 hours. Self fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)
Chandler Walnut Developed by U.C. Davis. Heavy bearing (bears on lateral buds, not just terminals like Hartley). High quality light-colored nuts. Smaller tree than Hartley, good choice for backyard walnut. Fall harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut or Paradox.)
Western Catalpa Catalpa speciosa Widely adapted - cold or hot climates. All soils. Large, heart-shaped leaves, long seed capsules shaped like beans. White flowers in late spring and summer. Flowers & pods litter beneath tree. 40-60 ft. high.
Chinese Fringe Tree Chionanthus retusus Magnificent in bloom. Moderate grower to 20 ft. Flowers in clusters to 4 inches in length.
Purple Robe Locust Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe' Shapely deciduous tree to 40 ft. Tolerates heat/cold/poor soil/drought. Small leaflets, reddish new growth. Large, purplish pink showy flowers, prolonged bloom. Deep watering recommended. Alternate scientific name Robinia x ambigua 'Purple Robe'. All zones.
Regent® Pagoda Tree Styphnolobium japonicum (Sophora japonica) 'Regent' Very fast growing, large glossy leaves, virtually pest free. Uniform growth, reaching 50 by 45 ft. Oak-like bark, dark green leaflets. Interesting flower clusters and seed pods in late summer. Yellow fall color. All zones.
Avondale Redbud Cercis chinensis 'Avondale' Open shrub form to 10-12 ft. Glossy, bright green leaves. Spectacular 3-5 inch flower clusters of deep purple. Sunset Zones 4-20. USDA zones 4-9.
Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. Sunset Zones 2-24.
Western Redbud, clump Cercis occidentalis Single or multi-trunked tree to 15 by 15 ft. Spectacular, bright purplish-pink sweet-pea-shaped flowers. Yellow to red fall color. Drought tolerant, resistant to oak root fungus. Sunset Zones 2-24. Clump form is a multi-trunked tree.