RETAIL NURSERY VARIETY LIST
M & M Feed
74540 Hill Road
Covelo, California 95428
Plant varieties ordered from Dave Wilson Nursery for 2019:
Fuji Apple Introduction from Japan that quickly became California's favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Gala Apple Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2 - 3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold- and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.
Golden Delicious Apple Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Midseason harvest (September in Central CA). 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.
Golden Russet Apple One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, sub acid, creamy yellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking. Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central CA. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree until frost, fruit stored properly keeps until April. Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green or greenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly on the tips of branches. Medium size. Good disease resistance. Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russet sometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. USDA Zones 4-6.
Granny Smith Apple From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 400 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.
Gravenstein Apple Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful & tart. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. Not a pollenizer for other varieties. USDA Zones 2-9.
Liberty Apple Disease resistant, cold hardy apple. Resists scab, rust, mildew, fire blight. Solid red even in hot climate. Crisp, rich sprightly flavor. Fresh or cooked. Early fall harvest. Interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-8.
Pink Lady® Apple Hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful. 300-400 hours. USDA Zones 6-9.
Spitzenburg Apple Old variety, regarded by some connoisseurs as the very best dessert apple. Red over yellow skin, yellowish flesh. Firm, juicy, moderately sweet, renowned flavor. Good keeper. 800 hours. Pollenized by midseason blooming apples. USDA Zones 4-8.
Chinese Apricot Cold hardy, frost hardy, sets heavy crops of small to medium size sweet fruit. Recommended for difficult climates prone to spring frosts. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-7.
20th Century Asian Pear Juicy, sweet, mild flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Early to mid-August in Central CA. Keeps well. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. 300-400 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenized. by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other.
Bing Cherry Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe. Superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Midseason. Large vigorous tree. Pollenized by Black Tart, Van, Rainier and Lapins. Also Stella in colder climates. 700 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.
Lapins Cherry Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Bing in shape. Sometimes sold as 'Self-fertile Bing.' Ripens 4 days after Bing. 400 hours or less. USDA Zones 5-9.
Stella Cherry Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates. USDA Zones 5-9.
Van Cherry Very cold hardy, reliable, heavy bearing. Fine fruit similar to Bing, though usually smaller. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 4-9.
Chicago Hardy Fig Late season mahogany to purple fruit are set on current season's growth. One of the most frost hardy of all figs. Known to grow into zone 5. Little to no breba crop. Best quality late summer through fall. Required chill 100 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 6-10
Texas Everbearing Fig A..k.a. English Brown Turkey Fig - Medium to very large, mahogany to purple exterior color. Bright amber pulp. High quality, excellent flavor. Decent breba crop followed by heavy summer crop. Produces until frost. Very hardy, will resprout from the base if frozen and produce on first season's growth. Good for fresh use, dried or preserves. Required chill 100 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 6-11.
Arctic Jay White Nectarine Taste test winner. Very attractive, firm, freestone fruit is richly flavored, with a balance of acid and sugar. Ripens between Arctic Glo and Heavenly White white nectarines. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Pat. No. 9908) (Zaiger)
Goldmine White Nectarine Long-time favorite in California and Western Oregon. Small to medium-sized white-fleshed freestone. Aromatic, juicy and sweet. Ripe in August. 400 hours. Self-fruitful.
Harko Nectarine One of the highest scoring nectarines in DWN fruit tastings. Cold hardy Canadian variety has showy, large, single pink blossoms. Ripens with Redhaven Peach in early July in Central CA. Tolerant of bacterial spot and brown rot. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Mericrest Nectarine Very cold hardy, frost hardy, late bloom. Crops after sub zero winters. Large, red-skinned yellow freestone with rich tangy flavor. Very high scoring in taste tests, highly recommended. Mid-July in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Arbequina AS1® Olive Arebequina has become California's top variety for oil production. Mild and fruit flavor with low bitterness, the fruit is very high in oil content. It has a compact growing habit and is moderately frost hardy. Self-fruitful, but produces higher yields when planted with a pollenizer such as Arbosana.
Mission Olive The classic California olive, this variety is the most versatile for the home garden. Whether for curing or oil production, Mission is considered a true edible ornamental. Colder hardier than most olive varieties. Self-fruitful but produces higher yields with a pollenizer.
Frost Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl (10-year trials at Washington State Univ.). Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish-yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. Showy pink bloom in spring. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Indian Free White Peach The all-time highest rated peach at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollenize.
Muir Peach Resistant to peach leaf curl. Large yellow freestone with dense flesh and rich, sweet, distinctive flavor. Unattractive, greenish yellow skin. Excellent for drying, canning and fresh use. Harvest late July in Central CA. Discovered on John Muir's property near Vacaville, CA, around 1880. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful.
Pix Zee Miniature Peach Large fruit ripens mid to late June in Central CA, two weeks before Honey Babe. Delicious, firm, yellow freestone, beautiful red over orange skin. Vigorous to 6 ft. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Bartlett Pear World's most popular pear. Early midseason, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 500-600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollenized by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.
Comice Pear The famous gift pack pear. Sweet, aromatic, fine texture, superb flavor and quality - one of the best. Short neck, greenish-yellow skin with red blush. Late harvest. 600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. or plant with Bartlett.
Fuyu (Jiro) Persimmon Medium size, flat shape, still crunchy when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Hachiya Persimmon Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent until soft ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental tree. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.
Elephant Heart Plum Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Dark reddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. 500 hours or less. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Late Santa Rosa Plum Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Tart-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 400 hours or less. Self-fruitful.
Satsuma Plum Long-time favorite plum in California. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Excellent for jam. Harvest late July. 300 hours. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty.
A.C. Sweet Pomegranate Developed by Arthur C. Combe of Beaver Dam, Arizona. Exterior color is red to bright pink, arils are pink to light red. Flavor is sweet and refreshing, seeds are soft and edible. Ripe fruit can hang for weeks without splitting. Very hardy plant will take temperatures to below zero. One of Utah's favored varieties. Required chill hours 100-200. Self-fruitful, best in Zones 6-10.
Wonderful Pomegranate, tree form Large, purple-red fruit with delicious, tangy flavor. Best quality in hot inland climate. Gaudy red orange bloom, ornamental foliage. Long-lived, any soil. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
Legacy Northern Highbush Blueberry A USDA introduction from the blueberry research station in New Jersey. Vigorous grower producing medium to large size berries late in the season. Uniquely robust sweet flavor, highly rated in USDA trials. Zones 4-8. Estimated at 800 chill hours. Self-fruitful.
Reveille Southern Highbush Blueberry Southern Highbush. Midseason. DWN house favorite. This berry has pleasing crunchy texture and excellent flavor. Chilling hours are listed at 400-500 hours.
Baba Red Raspberry Everbearing Red Raspberry - Extra large berries up to 1 1/2" long. Wonderful warm weather variety particularly well suited to southern California's coastal and inland valleys. Fine flavor and good for all uses. Bears heavy crop May-July with a smaller late summer crop through fall. Hardy to zero degrees. Self-fruitful. Best in zones 4-11.
Willamette Red Raspberry Large to very large, long-conic berries. Very firm and deep red. Lower sugar content, slightly tart flavor. Good for all uses. Berries hold and store well. Main harvest June, July. Some support required. Self-fruitful. Best in Zones 5-10.
Flame Seedless Grape Medium-sized, light red. Crisp, sweet, excellent flavor. For fresh use or raisins. Needs hot summer. Ripens before Thompson. Vigorous. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Ruby Seedless Grape Dark red, sweet, crisp, excellent fresh or for raisins. Ripens after Thompson Seedless. Requires less summer heat than Thompson or Flame. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane or spur prune.
Thompson Seedless Grape Most popular grape in CA, AZ. Fresh and raisins. Pale green, very sweet. Thin the clusters for larger berries. Needs plenty of heat. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Cane prune.
All-in-One Genetic Semi-Dwarf Almond No. 1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter and frost hardy. 300-400 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
Carmelo Walnut Late leafing and blooming, adapted to colder climate than Hartley or other popular English walnuts. Very large, well filled nut. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)
Serr Walnut Preferred variety for marginal soil and hottest climates. Large nut, plump kernels of light color. Highly resistant to sunburn. Fast-growing, bears young and heavy. 600 hours. Self-fruitful or pollenize with Chico for largest crops. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)
Krauter Vesuvius Flowering Plum, low head Dark purple leaves, light pink blossoms, little or no fruit. Relatively small tree, 18 ft. high by 12 ft. wide. Favorite purple leaf plum for California. Foliage of newly planted trees sometimes greenish until vigorous growth begins. Low head form: 18" trunk.
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Large showy clusters of pink to purplish-blue flowers, wonderful fragrance. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), alkaline soil. Grows to 20 by 20 ft. Best in Sunset zones 1-12. Less dependable in zones 14-16, 18-22. USDA zones 5-9.
Charles Joly Lilac (French Hybrid) Dark purplish-red, double flowers. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), prefers alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
My Favorite Lilac (French Hybrid) Dark purple double flowers. Full flowering and true color reached in 2-3 years. Plants bloom best after cold winters. Full sun (light shade in hottest areas), prefers alkaline soil, average water. 10-15 ft. bush.
Raywood Ash Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywoodi' Fast growing, tolerates heat, cold, alkaline soil. Compact, round-headed. Small, delicate leaves, lacy appearance. Purplish-red fall color. No seeds. 25-35 ft.
Morning Cloud Chitalpa Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Morning Cloud' Chilopsis linearis x Catalpa bignonioides. Very fast growing, single or multi-stemmed tree reaches 20 by 20 ft. Drought tolerant. Large clusters of purple-throated, trumpet-shaped white flowers. Long, narrow, attractive, glossy green leaves. Well adapted to low desert climates of southwestern U.S. Sunset Zones 3-24.
Purple Robe Locust Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe' Shapely deciduous tree to 40 ft. Tolerates heat/cold/poor soil/drought. Small leaflets, reddish new growth. Large, purplish pink showy flowers, prolonged bloom. Deep watering recommended. Alternate scientific name Robinia x ambigua 'Purple Robe'. All zones.
Bloodgood London Plane Platanus x acerfolia 'Bloodgood' Fast-growing deciduous tree to 80 ft. Large maple-like leaves, distinctive patchy bark pattern. Resists anthracnose, tolerates smog. Very desirable for street, park, and lawn plantings. Sunset Zones 2-24. USDA zones 6-10.
Autumn Fantasy® Maple Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Fantasy' Hybrid of red maple and silver maple. Bright red fall color, even in warm climates. Fast-growing, strong-limbed, tolerates alkaline soil, drought. Sunset Zones 1-9, 14-24. USDA zones 5-9.
Wilson Mimosa Albizia julibrissin 'Wilson' Rapid growth to 35 ft. high by 50 ft. wide. Fernlike branches, pink pompon flowers. Tolerates hot summer, desert conditions. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water. Selection 'Ernest Wilson': pink and white flowers, more winter hardy than the species. Sunset Zones 2-23.
Fruitless Mulberry Morus alba 'Fruitless' Fast-growing, to 40 by 50 ft., dense shade. Tolerates summer heat, alkaline soil. Drought tolerant, but best with ample water and feeding. Not necessary to prune back to trunk each winter. All zones.